Basic and supplementary sensory feedback in handwriting

  • Danna Jérémy
  • Velay Jean-Luc

  • Handwriting
  • Sensory feedback
  • Proprioception
  • Audition
  • Sonification
  • Enriched reality
  • WRITERS CRAMP
  • DRAWING MOVEMENTS
  • VISUAL FEEDBACK
  • EMG BIOFEEDBACK
  • VISION
  • PRINCIPLES
  • CHILDREN
  • INFORMATION
  • PERCEPTION
  • TRACKING

ART

The mastering of handwriting is so essential in our society that it is important to try to find new methods for facilitating its learning and rehabilitation. The ability to control the graphic movements clearly impacts on the quality of the writing. This control allows both the programming of letter formation before movement execution and the online adjustments during execution, thanks to diverse sensory feedback (FB). New technologies improve existing techniques or enable new methods to supply the writer with real-time computer-assisted FB. The possibilities are numerous and various. Therefore, two main questions arise: (1) What aspect of the movement is concerned and (2) How can we best inform the writer to help them correct their handwriting? In a first step, we report studies on FB naturally used by the writer. The purpose is to determine which information is carried by each sensory modality, how it is used in handwriting control and how this control changes with practice and learning. In a second step, we report studies on supplementary FB provided to the writer to help them to better control and learn how to write. We suggest that, depending on their contents, certain sensory modalities will be more appropriate than others to assist handwriting motor control. We emphasize particularly the relevance of auditory modality as online supplementary FB on handwriting movements. Using real-time supplementary FB to assist in the handwriting process is probably destined for a brilliant future with the growing availability and rapid development of tablets.