On the neural basis of sensory weighting: Alpha, beta and gamma modulations during complex movements

  • Lebar Nicolas
  • Danna Jérémy
  • Moré Simon
  • Mouchnino Laurence
  • Blouin Jean

  • Vision
  • Sensory conflict
  • Arm movement
  • Electroencephalography
  • Proprioception
  • Event-related desynchronization

ART

Previous studies have revealed that visual and somatosensory information is processed as a function of its relevance during movement execution. We thus performed spectral decompositions of ongoing neural activities within the somatosensory and visual areas while human participants performed a complex visuomotor task. In this task, participants followed the outline of irregular polygons with a pen-controlled cursor. At unpredictable times, the motion of the cursor deviated 120° with respect to the actual pen position creating an incongruence between visual and somatosensory inputs, thus increasing the importance of visual feedback to control the movement as suggested in previous studies. We found that alpha and beta power significantly decreased in the visual cortex during sensory incongruence when compared to unperturbed conditions. This result is in line with an increased gain of visual inputs during sensory incongruence. In parallel, we also found a simultaneous decrease of gamma and beta power in sensorimotor areas which has not been reported previously. The gamma desynchronization suggests a reduced integration of somatosensory inputs for controlling movements with sensory incongruence while beta ERD could be more specifically linked to sensorimotor adaptation processes.