What Predictability for Animal Models of Peripheral Vestibular Disorders?


  • Tighilet Brahim
  • Trico Jessica
  • Xavier Frédéric
  • Chabbert Christian


  • Vestibular syndrome
  • Animal models
  • Predictability

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The different clinical entities grouped under the term peripheral vestibulopathies (PVs) or peripheral vestibular disorders (PVDs) are distinguished mainly based on their symptoms/clinical expression. Today, there are very few commonly accepted functional and biological biomarkers that can confirm or refute whether a vestibular disorder belongs to a precise classification. Consequently, there is currently a severe lack of reliable and commonly accepted clinical endpoints, either to precisely follow the course of the vertigo syndrome of vestibular origin or to assess the benefits of therapeutic approaches, whether they are pharmacological or re-educational. Animal models of PV are a good means to identify biomarkers that could subsequently be exploited in human clinical practice. The question of their predictability is therefore crucial. Ten years ago, we had already raised this question. We revisit this concept today in order to take into account the animal models of peripheral vestibular pathology that have emerged over the last decade, and the new technological approaches available for the behavioral assessment of vestibular syndrome in animals and its progression over time. The questions we address in this review are the following: are animal models of PV predictive of the different types and stages of vestibular pathologies, and if so, to what extent? Are the benefits of the pharmacological or reeducational therapeutic approaches achieved on these different models of PV (in particular the effects of attenuation of the acute vertigo, or acceleration of central compensation) predictive of those expected in the vertiginous patient, and if so, to what extent?

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