How a Subclinical Unilateral Vestibular Signal Improves Binocular Vision


  • Xavier Frédéric
  • Chouin Emmanuelle
  • Serin-Brackman Véronique
  • Séverac Cauquil Alexandra


  • Galvanic vestibular stimulation
  • Disconjugate eye movements
  • Stereoscopic vision
  • Vestibular error signal

document type



The present study aimed to determine if an infra-liminal asymmetric vestibular signal could account for some of the visual complaints commonly encountered in chronic vestibular patients. We used infra-liminal galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) to investigate its potential effects on visuo-oculomotor behavior. A total of 78 healthy volunteers, 34 aged from 20 to 25 years old and 44 aged from 40 to 60 years old, were included in a crossover study to assess the impact of infra-liminal stimulation on convergence, divergence, proximal convergence point, and stereopsis. Under GVS stimulation, a repeated measures ANOVA showed a significant variation in near convergence (p < 0.001), far convergence (p < 0.001), and far divergence (p = 0.052). We also observed an unexpected effect of instantaneous blocking of the retest effect on the far divergence measurement. Further investigations are necessary to establish causal relationships, but GVS could be considered a behavioral modulator in non-pharmacological vestibular therapies.

more information