Hormones and Vestibular Disorders: The Quest for Biomarkers


  • El Khiati Rhizlane
  • Tighilet Brahim
  • Besnard Stephane
  • Chabbert Christian


  • Biomarkers
  • Dizziness
  • Hormones
  • Ménière’s disease
  • Vestibular neuritis

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The vestibular system exerts control over various functions through neural pathways that are not yet fully mapped. Functional dysregulations or tissue lesions at different levels of the peripheral and the central vestibular networks can alter these different functions, causing a wide variety of symptoms, ranging from posturo-locomotor alterations to psychiatric syndromes such as PPPD, including the deregulation of the main biological functions. These different symptoms differ by their expression kinetics (they each appear and regress with their own kinetics) by the targets affected (muscles, organs, and brain areas) and by the sensitivity specific to each individual. Vestibular pathologies thus cover a mosaic of distinct effects, and they involve various effectors—which constitute the many markers of their different types and stages. It is therefore crucial, to predict the onset of a vertigo syndrome, to follow its temporal course, or to monitor the impact of therapeutic approaches, and to have specific and reliable biomarkers. Hormonal variations are among the possible sources of biomarkers for neurotology. We know that specific hormonal profiles can promote the appearance of vestibular disorders. We also know that the expression of vertigo syndrome is accompanied by measurable hormonal variations. The link between endocrine deregulation and vestibular alterations therefore no longer needs to be proven. However, there are still few data on their precise correlations with the vertigo syndrome. This study was undertaken with the aim to deliver an extensive review of the hormonal alterations linked to vestibular disorders. A review of the literature covering the last two decades was carried out using the MEDLINE and COCHRANE databases in order to identify studies associating the terms vestibular system or vestibular pathologies and hormones. Bibliographic data provides several outcomes in terms of therapeutic innovation in the diagnosis and therapeutic follow-up of vestibular pathologies.

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